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Publications

  • [PDF] van der Lee, Chris, Albert Gatt, Emiel van Miltenburg, Sander Wubben, and Emiel Krahmer. 2019. Best practices for the human evaluation of automatically generated text. Paper read at Proceedings of the 12th international conference on natural language generationat Tokyo, Japan.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{van-der-lee-etal-2019-best,
    title = "Best practices for the human evaluation of automatically generated text",
    author = "van der Lee, Chris and
    Gatt, Albert and
    van Miltenburg, Emiel and
    Wubben, Sander and
    Krahmer, Emiel",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Natural Language Generation",
    month = oct # " - " # nov,
    year = "2019",
    address = "Tokyo, Japan",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W19-8643",
    pdf = "https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W19-8643",
    pages = "355--368",
    abstract = "Currently, there is little agreement as to how Natural Language Generation (NLG) systems should be evaluated. While there is some agreement regarding automatic metrics, there is a high degree of variation in the way that human evaluation is carried out. This paper provides an overview of how human evaluation is currently conducted, and presents a set of best practices, grounded in the literature. With this paper, we hope to contribute to the quality and consistency of human evaluations in NLG.",
    }
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Merel van de Kerkhof, Ruud Koolen, Martijn Goudbeek, and Emiel Krahmer. 2019. On task effects in NLG corpus elicitation: a replication study using mixed effects modeling. Paper read at Proceedings of the 12th international conference on natural language generationat Tokyo, Japan.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{van-miltenburg-etal-2019-task,
    title = "On task effects in {NLG} corpus elicitation: a replication study using mixed effects modeling",
    author = "van Miltenburg, Emiel and
    van de Kerkhof, Merel and
    Koolen, Ruud and
    Goudbeek, Martijn and
    Krahmer, Emiel",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Natural Language Generation",
    month = oct # " - " # nov,
    year = "2019",
    address = "Tokyo, Japan",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W19-8649",
    pdf="https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W19-8649",
    pages = "403--408",
    abstract = "Task effects in NLG corpus elicitation recently started to receive more attention, but are usually not modeled statistically. We present a controlled replication of the study by Van Miltenburg et al. (2018b), contrasting spoken with written descriptions. We collected additional written Dutch descriptions to supplement the spoken data from the DIDEC corpus, and analyzed the descriptions using mixed effects modeling to account for variation between participants and items. Our results show that the effects of modality largely disappear in a controlled setting.",
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] Castro Ferreira, Thiago, Chris van der Lee, Emiel van Miltenburg, and Emiel Krahmer. 2019. Neural data-to-text generation: a comparison between pipeline and end-to-end architectures. Paper read at Proceedings of the 2019 conference on empirical methods in natural language processing and the 9th international joint conference on natural language processing (emnlp-ijcnlp)at Hong Kong, China.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{castro-ferreira-etal-2019-neural,
    title = "Neural data-to-text generation: A comparison between pipeline and end-to-end architectures",
    author = "Castro Ferreira, Thiago and
    van der Lee, Chris and
    van Miltenburg, Emiel and
    Krahmer, Emiel",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)",
    month = nov,
    year = "2019",
    address = "Hong Kong, China",
    publisher = "Association for Computational Linguistics",
    url = "https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/D19-1052",
    pdf = "https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/D19-1052.pdf",
    doi = "10.18653/v1/D19-1052",
    pages = "552--562",
    abstract = "Traditionally, most data-to-text applications have been designed using a modular pipeline architecture, in which non-linguistic input data is converted into natural language through several intermediate transformations. By contrast, recent neural models for data-to-text generation have been proposed as end-to-end approaches, where the non-linguistic input is rendered in natural language with much less explicit intermediate representations in between. This study introduces a systematic comparison between neural pipeline and end-to-end data-to-text approaches for the generation of text from RDF triples. Both architectures were implemented making use of the encoder-decoder Gated-Recurrent Units (GRU) and Transformer, two state-of-the art deep learning methods. Automatic and human evaluations together with a qualitative analysis suggest that having explicit intermediate steps in the generation process results in better texts than the ones generated by end-to-end approaches. Moreover, the pipeline models generalize better to unseen inputs. Data and code are publicly available.",
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] Ibrahimi, Sarah, Shuo Chen, Devanshu Arya, Arthur Câmara, Yunlu Chen, Tanja Crijns, Maurits van der Goes, Thomas Mensink, Emiel van Miltenburg, Daan Odijk, William Thong, Jiaojiao Zhao, and Pascal Mettes. 2019. Interactive exploration of journalistic video footage through multimodal semantic matching. Paper read at Proceedings of the 27th acm international conference on multimediaat New York, NY, USA.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{ibrahimi2019interactive,
    author = {Ibrahimi, Sarah and Chen, Shuo and Arya, Devanshu and C\^{a}mara, Arthur and Chen, Yunlu and Crijns, Tanja and van der Goes, Maurits and Mensink, Thomas and van Miltenburg, Emiel and Odijk, Daan and Thong, William and Zhao, Jiaojiao and Mettes, Pascal},
    title = {Interactive Exploration of Journalistic Video Footage Through Multimodal Semantic Matching},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 27th ACM International Conference on Multimedia},
    series = {MM '19},
    year = {2019},
    isbn = {978-1-4503-6889-6},
    location = {Nice, France},
    pages = {2196--2198},
    numpages = {3},
    url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/3343031.3350597},
    pdf = {https://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/p2196-ibrahimi.pdf},
    doi = {10.1145/3343031.3350597},
    acmid = {3350597},
    publisher = {ACM},
    address = {New York, NY, USA},
    keywords = {exploration, matching, multimodal, semantics, video},
    }
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel. 2019. Pragmatic factors in (automatic) image description. PhD Thesis.
    [Bibtex]
    @phdthesis{emielphdthesis,
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg},
    Date-Added = {2019-08-29 13:47:22 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2019-08-29 13:48:43 +0200},
    School = {Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam},
    Title = {Pragmatic factors in (automatic) image description},
    Url = {https://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/phdthesis.pdf},
    pdf = {https://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/phdthesis.pdf},
    keywords = {emielphdthesis},
    Year = {2019}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Desmond Elliott, and Piek Vossen. 2018. Talking about other people: an endless range of possibilities. Paper read at Proceedings of the 11th international conference on natural language generationat Tilburg University, The Netherlands.
    [Bibtex]
    @InProceedings{vanmiltenburg-elliott-vossen:2018:W18-65,
    author = {van Miltenburg, Emiel and Elliott, Desmond and Vossen, Piek},
    title = {Talking about other people: an endless range of possibilities},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Natural Language Generation},
    month = {September},
    year = {2018},
    address = {Tilburg University, The Netherlands},
    publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    pages = {415--420},
    abstract = {Image description datasets, such as Flickr30K and MS COCO, show a high degree of variation in the ways that crowd-workers talk about the world. Although this gives us a rich and diverse collection of data to work with, it also introduces uncertainty about how the world should be described. This paper shows the extent of this uncertainty in the PEOPLE-domain. We present a taxonomy of different ways to talk about other people. This taxonomy serves as a reference point to think about how other people should be described, and can be used to classify and compute statistics about labels applied to people.},
    url = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W18-6550},
    pdf = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W18-6550}
    }
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Ruud Koolen, and Emiel Krahmer. 2018. Varying image description tasks: spoken versus written descriptions. Paper read at Proceedings of the fifth workshop on nlp for similar languages, varieties and dialects (vardial 2018).
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{W18-3910,
    Author = {van Miltenburg, Emiel and Koolen, Ruud and Krahmer, Emiel},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on NLP for Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects (VarDial 2018)},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:57:10 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:57:10 +0200},
    Location = {Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA},
    Pages = {88--100},
    Publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    Title = {Varying image description tasks: spoken versus written descriptions},
    Pdf = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/W18-3910},
    Url = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/W18-3910},
    Year = {2018},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/W18-3910}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Desmond Elliott, and Piek Vossen. 2018. Measuring the diversity of automatic image descriptions. Paper read at Proceedings of the 27th international conference on computational linguistics.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{C18-1147,
    Author = {van Miltenburg, Emiel and Elliott, Desmond and Vossen, Piek},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:56:49 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:56:49 +0200},
    Location = {Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA},
    Pages = {1730--1741},
    Publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    Title = {Measuring the Diversity of Automatic Image Descriptions},
    Url = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/C18-1147},
    Pdf = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/C18-1147},
    Year = {2018},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/C18-1147}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Ákos Kádár, Ruud Koolen, and Emiel Krahmer. 2018. Didec: the dutch image description and eye-tracking corpus. Paper read at Proceedings of the 27th international conference on computational linguistics.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{C18-1310,
    Author = {van Miltenburg, Emiel and K{\'a}d{\'a}r, {\'A}kos and Koolen, Ruud and Krahmer, Emiel},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:55:47 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:55:47 +0200},
    Location = {Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA},
    Pages = {3658--3669},
    Publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    Title = {DIDEC: The Dutch Image Description and Eye-tracking Corpus},
    Url = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/C18-1310},
    Pdf = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/C18-1310},
    Year = {2018},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/C18-1310}}
  • [PDF] van Tiel, Bob, Emiel van Miltenburg, Natalia Zevakhina, and Bart Geurts. 2014. Scalar diversity. Journal of semantics 33 (1):107-135.
    [Bibtex]
    @article{van2014scalar,
    Author = {van Tiel, Bob and van Miltenburg, Emiel and Zevakhina, Natalia and Geurts, Bart},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Journal = {Journal of Semantics},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Number = {1},
    Pages = {107-135},
    Pdf = {http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/GFkOTQ3Y/scalardiversity.pdf},
    Publisher = {Oxford University Press},
    Title = {Scalar diversity},
    Url = {http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/GFkOTQ3Y/scalardiversity.pdf},
    Volume = {33},
    Year = {2014},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/GFkOTQ3Y/scalardiversity.pdf}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel. 2015. Exploring and visualizing distributional models using graphs. Paper read at Advances in distributional semantics, collocated with iwcs 2015..
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{miltenburg2015exploring,
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg},
    Booktitle = {Advances in Distributional Semantics, collocated with IWCS 2015.},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Note = {GitHub page: \url{https://github.com/evanmiltenburg/dm-graphs}},
    Pdf = {https://github.com/evanmiltenburg/dm-graphs/raw/master/visualizing distributional models.pdf},
    Title = {Exploring and visualizing distributional models using graphs},
    Year = {2015}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel. 2015. Detecting and ordering adjectival scalemates. Paper read at Maplex.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{miltenburg2015detecting,
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg},
    Booktitle = {MAPLEX},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Pdf = {http://dare.ubvu.vu.nl/bitstream/handle/1871/53807/maplex_scales_revised.pdf?sequence=1},
    Title = {Detecting and ordering adjectival scalemates},
    Url = {http://dare.ubvu.vu.nl/bitstream/handle/1871/53807/maplex_scales_revised.pdf?sequence=1},
    Year = {2015},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://dare.ubvu.vu.nl/bitstream/handle/1871/53807/maplex_scales_revised.pdf?sequence=1}}
  • Vossen, Piek, Tommaso Caselli, Filip Ilievski, Ruben Izquierdo, Alessandro Lopopolo, Emiel van Miltenburg, Minh Lê, and Marten Postma. 2015. Words in context: a reference perspective on the lexicon. Paper read at Proceedings of maplex 2015at Yamagata, Japan.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{VOSSEN:maplex2015,
    Address = {Yamagata, Japan},
    Author = {Piek Vossen and Tommaso Caselli and Filip Ilievski and Ruben Izquierdo and Alessandro Lopopolo and Emiel van Miltenburg and Minh L\^{e} and Marten Postma},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of MAPLEX 2015},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm1, ulm2, ulm3, ulm4},
    Month = {February 9-10},
    Title = {Words in context: a reference perspective on the lexicon},
    Url = {https://rizquierdobevia.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/vossen-et-al-ulm-maplex-final.pdf},
    Year = {2015},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {https://rizquierdobevia.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/vossen-et-al-ulm-maplex-final.pdf}}
  • [PDF] Lopopolo, Alessandro and Emiel van Miltenburg. 2015. Sound-based distributional models. Paper read at Proceedings of the 11th international conference on computational semanticsat London, UK.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{lopopolo-vanmiltenburg:2015:IWCS2015,
    Address = {London, UK},
    Author = {Lopopolo, Alessandro and van Miltenburg, Emiel},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computational Semantics},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Month = {April},
    Pages = {70--75},
    Pdf = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W15-01#page=86},
    Publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    Title = {Sound-based distributional models},
    Url = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W15-01#page=86},
    Year = {2015},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W15-01#page=86}}
  • [PDF] Postma, Marten, Emiel van Miltenburg, Roxane Segers, Anneleen Schoen, and Piek Vossen. 2016. Open dutch wordnet. Paper read at Proceedings of the eigth global wordnet conferenceat Bucharest, Romania.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{POSTMA-ET-AL:2016:gwc,
    Address = {Bucharest, Romania},
    Author = {Postma, Marten and van Miltenburg, Emiel and Segers, Roxane and Schoen, Anneleen and Vossen, Piek},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the Eigth Global Wordnet Conference},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm1, ulm2},
    Month = {January 27-30},
    Pdf = {http://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Open-Dutch-WordNet.pdf},
    Resources = {https://github.com/cltl/OpenDutchWordnet},
    Slides = {https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311808151_Open_Dutch_WordNet},
    Title = {Open Dutch WordNet},
    Url = {http://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Open-Dutch-WordNet.pdf},
    Year = {2016},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Open-Dutch-WordNet.pdf},
    Bdsk-Url-2 = {https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311808151_Open_Dutch_WordNet},
    Bdsk-Url-3 = {https://github.com/cltl/OpenDutchWordnet}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel. 2016. Wordnet-based similarity metrics for adjectives. Paper read at Proceedings of the 8th global wordnet conferenceat Bucharest, Romania.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{miltenburg2016wordnet,
    Address = {Bucharest, Romania},
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the 8th Global WordNet Conference},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Month = {January 27-30},
    Pages = {414-418},
    Pdf = {http://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/wordnet-based-similarity-metrics.pdf},
    Title = {WordNet-based similarity metrics for adjectives},
    Url = {http://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/wordnet-based-similarity-metrics.pdf},
    Year = {2016},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://emielvanmiltenburg.nl/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/wordnet-based-similarity-metrics.pdf}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Roser Morante, and Desmond Elliott. 2016. Pragmatic factors in image description: the case of negations. Paper read at Proceedings of the 5th workshop on vision and language.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{miltenburg2016pragmatic,
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg and Roser Morante and Desmond Elliott},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th Workshop on Vision and Language},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Pages = {54--59},
    Pdf = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W/W16/W16-3207.pdf},
    Publisher = {ACL},
    Title = {Pragmatic Factors in Image Description: The Case of Negations},
    Url = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W/W16/W16-3207.pdf},
    Year = {2016},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W/W16/W16-3207.pdf}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel. 2016. Stereotyping and bias in the flickr30k dataset. Paper read at Proceedings of multimodal corpora: computer vision and language processing (mmc 2016).
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{miltenburg2016stereotyping,
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of Multimodal Corpora: Computer vision and language processing (MMC 2016)},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Editor = {Jens Edlund and Dirk Heylen and Patrizia Paggio},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Pages = {1-4},
    Pdf = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2016/workshops/LREC2016Workshop-MCC-2016-proceedings.pdf},
    Title = {Stereotyping and Bias in the Flickr30k Dataset},
    Url = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2016/workshops/LREC2016Workshop-MCC-2016-proceedings.pdf},
    Year = {2016},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2016/workshops/LREC2016Workshop-MCC-2016-proceedings.pdf}}
  • van Miltenburg, Emiel. 2016. Review of semantic similarity from natural language and ontology analysis. Linguist list 27.2006 .
    [Bibtex]
    @article{miltenburg2016review,
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Journal = {Linguist List},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Month = {May 2},
    Title = {Review of Semantic Similarity from Natural Language and Ontology Analysis},
    Url = {http://linguistlist.org/pubs/reviews/get-review.cfm?SubID=36138197},
    Volume = {27.2006},
    Year = {2016},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://linguistlist.org/pubs/reviews/get-review.cfm?SubID=36138197}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Benjamin Timmermans, and Lora Aroyo. 2016. The vu sound corpus: adding more fine-grained annotations to the freesound database. Paper read at Proceedings of the ninth international conference on language resources and evaluation (lrec 2016), 26-31at Portorož, Slovenia.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{miltenburg2016vu,
    Address = {Portoro{\v z}, Slovenia},
    Author = {Emiel van Miltenburg and Benjamin Timmermans and Lora Aroyo},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2016)},
    Date = {26-31},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference Chair) and Khalid Choukri and Thierry Declerck and Marko Grobelnik and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis},
    Isbn = {978-2-9517408-9-1},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Language = {english},
    Month = {may},
    Pdf = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2016/pdf/206_Paper.pdf},
    Publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
    Title = {The VU Sound Corpus: Adding More Fine-grained Annotations to the Freesound Database},
    Url = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2016/pdf/206_Paper.pdf},
    Year = {2016},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2016/pdf/206_Paper.pdf}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel. 2017. Pragmatic descriptions of perceptual stimuli. Paper read at Proceedings of the student research workshop at the 15th conference of the european chapter of the association for computational linguistics.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{E17-4001,
    Author = {van Miltenburg, Emiel},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the Student Research Workshop at the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Location = {Valencia, Spain},
    Pages = {1--10},
    Pdf = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/E17-4001},
    Publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    Title = {Pragmatic descriptions of perceptual stimuli},
    Url = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/E17-4001},
    Year = {2017},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://aclweb.org/anthology/E17-4001}}
  • [PDF] van Miltenburg, Emiel, Desmond Elliott, and Piek Vossen. 2017. Cross-linguistic differences and similarities in image descriptions. Paper read at Proceedings of the 10th international conference on natural language generationat Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{vanmiltenburg-elliott-vossen:2017:INLG2017,
    Abstract = {Automatic image description systems are commonly trained and evaluated on large
    image description datasets. Recently, researchers have started to collect such
    datasets for languages other than English. An unexplored question is how
    different these datasets are from English and, if there are any differences,
    what causes them to differ. This paper provides a cross-linguistic comparison
    of Dutch, English, and German image descriptions. We find that these
    descriptions are similar in many respects, but the familiarity of crowd workers
    with the subjects of the images has a noticeable influence on the specificity
    of the descriptions.},
    Address = {Santiago de Compostela, Spain},
    Author = {van Miltenburg, Emiel and Elliott, Desmond and Vossen, Piek},
    Booktitle = {Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Natural Language Generation},
    Date-Added = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Date-Modified = {2018-08-13 11:51:57 +0200},
    Keywords = {ulm2},
    Month = {September},
    Pages = {21--30},
    Pdf = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W17-3503},
    Publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
    Title = {Cross-linguistic differences and similarities in image descriptions},
    Url = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W17-3503},
    Year = {2017},
    Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W17-3503}}